More on client event collection

Previously we have seen that Velociraptor can monitor client events using Event Artifacts. To recap, Event Artifacts are simply artifacts which contain event VQL queries. Velociraptor’s VQL queries do not have to terminate by themselves - instead VQL queries may run indefinitely, trickling results over time.

This post takes another look at event queries and demonstrates how these can be used to implement some interesting features.

Periodic Event queries

The simplest kind of events are periodically generated events. These are created using the clock() VQL plugin. This is a simple event plugin which just emits a new row periodically.

$ velociraptor query "select Unix from clock(period=5)" --max_wait 1
[
 {
   "Unix": 1544339715
 }
][
 {
   "Unix": 1544339720
 }
]^C

The query will never terminate, instead the clock() plugin will emit a new timestamp every 5 seconds. Note the –max_wait flag which tells Velociraptor to wait at least for 1 second in order to batch rows before reporting them.

This query is not very interesting! Let’s do something more interesting. GRR has a feature where each client sends its own CPU use and memory footprint sampled every minutes to the server. This is a really useful feature because it can be used to make sure the client’s impact on the host’s performance is minimal.

Let us implement the same feature with a VQL query. What we want is to measure the client’s footprint every minute and send that to the server:

SELECT * from foreach(
 row={
   SELECT UnixNano FROM clock(period=60)
 },
 query={
   SELECT UnixNano / 1000000000 as Timestamp,
          Times.user + Times.system as CPU,
          MemoryInfo.RSS as RSS
   FROM pslist(pid=getpid())
 })

This query runs the clock() VQL plugin and for each row it emits, we run the pslist() plugin, extracting the total CPU time (system + user) used by our own pid (i.e. the Velociraptor client).

We can now encapsulate this query in an artifact and collect it:

$ velociraptor artifacts collect Generic.Client.Stats --max_wait 1 --format json
[][
  {
  "CPU": 0.06999999999999999,
  "RSS": 18866176,
  "Timestamp": 1544340582.9939497
  }
][
  {
  "CPU": 0.09,
  "RSS": 18866176,
  "Timestamp": 1544340602.9944408
  }
]^C

Note

You must specify the –format json to be able to see the results from event queries on the command line. Otherwise Velociraptor will try to get all the results so it can format them in a table and never return any results.

Installing the event collector.

In order to have clients collect this event, we need to add the artifact to the server. Simply add the YAML file into a directory on the server and start the server with the –definitions flag. Then simply add the event name to the Events clause of the server configuration. When clients connect to the server they will automatically start collecting these events and sending them to the server:

$ velociraptor --definitions path/to/my/artifacts/ frontend
Events:
  artifacts:
  - Generic.Client.Stats
  version: 2

Note that we do not need to redeploy any clients, modify any code or recompile anything. We simply add the new artifact definition and clients will automatically start monitoring and feeding back our information.

The data is sent to the server where it is stored in a file (Events are stored in a unique file for each day).

For example, the path /var/lib/velociraptor/clients/C.772d16449719317f/monitoring/Artifact%20Generic.Client.Stats/2018-12-10 stores all events collected from client id C.772d16449719317f for the Generic.Client.Stats artifact on the day of 2018-12-10.

In the next blog post we will demonstrate how these events can be post processed and acted on. It is important to note that the Velociraptor server does not interpret the collected monitoring events at all - they are simply appended to the daily log file (which is a CSV file).

The CSV file can then be imported into basically any tool designed to work with tabular data (e.g. spreadsheets, databases, BigQuery etc). CSV is almost universally supported by all major systems.

Timestamp,CPU,RSS
1544363561.8001275,14.91,18284544
1544363571.8002906,14.91,18284544
1544363581.8004665,14.920000000000002,18284544
1544363591.8007126,14.920000000000002,18284544
1544363601.8008528,14.920000000000002,18284544